A look at how photography has changed since its inception over 150 years ago until now.
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The earliest methods of photography required long exposure times, which meant that pictures could only be taken of stationary subjects. This made photography impractical for most purposes other than capturing very slow moving objects, such as a person posing for a portrait. In the 1830s, new developments in chemistry and physics made it possible to reduce exposure times, making photography much more versatile.
The daguerreotype, announced in 1839, was the first commercially viable photographic process. It was invented by Frenchmen Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre and Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, who had experimented with the technique for many years prior. The daguerreotype produced a one-of-a-kind image on a copper sheet that was coated with light-sensitive chemicals. The picture it produced was positive; that is, it was an exact reproduction of the scene that had been photographed.
The Collodion Process
The Collodion process was the first commercially successful photographic process and was used extensively in portrait studios between 1850 and 1880. The wet plate process that followed it was less popular but remained in use until the early 20th century. These two processes have a lot in common, but there are also some important differences.
The Collodion process was invented by Frederick Scott Archer in 1851. It uses a film of collodion, a sticky substance made from cellulose nitrate and ether, to hold the light-sensitive silver halide crystals in place on a glass plate. The plate is then exposed to light and developed to produce a negative image. printing the negative onto paper produces a positive image.
The main advantage of the Collodion process is that it is much faster than the earlier Daguerreotype process. It can produce an image in as little as 10 seconds, whereas the Daguerreotype required an exposure of several minutes. This made it possible to photograph moving subjects such as people and horses.
The main disadvantage of the Collodion process is that it is quite complicated and messy. The photographer has to work quickly to coat the glass plate with collodion, expose it to light, and then develop it before the collodion dries out. This requires a lot of practice and experience to get right.
The gelatin dry plate
The first commercial process for photography was the gelatin dry plate, introduced in 1871. This was a great improvement over the earlier processes, which produced pictures that were often blurry and indistinct. The dry plate process produced clearer, sharper images, and it quickly became the standard method for taking photographs.
Film photography was the norm for many years, but it has since been replaced by digital photography. Film photography requires the use of a camera that uses film to capture images. The film is then developed and printed to create the final photograph.
Digital photography, on the other hand, captures images using a digital sensor. The image is then stored on a memory card or in the cloud. No film is required.
There are benefits and drawbacks to both film and digital photography. Film photography often produces more detailed and vibrant images. However, it can be expensive and time-consuming to develop film photos. Digital photography is more convenient and typically produces photos that are just as good as those taken with film cameras.
The rise of digital photography
In the past two decades, digital photography has transformed the field in a few major ways. First, global advertising and fashion markets have become more accessible to photographers around the world. As a result, many talented photographers are now able to get their start without relocating to traditional hub cities like New York or London.
Second, the increased popularity of social media has changed the way that both professional and amateur photographers share their work. In the past, photographers generally only shared their work with close friends and family or through more formal channels like exhibitions or publications. Now, thanks to platforms like Instagram, Tumblr, and Flickr, anyone with a smartphone can share their photos with a global audience instantly.
Last, digital photography has made post-processing much more straightforward and affordable. In the days of film photography, complex darkroom techniques were required to produce finished prints that met professional standards. Nowadays, even amateur shooters can achieve similar results using basic photo-editing software like Photoshop or Lightroom.
The smartphone camera
The smartphone camera has made a huge impact on photography over the last decade. It has made photography more accessible to a wider audience and has created a new generation of photographers.
Smartphone cameras have come a long way in recent years. They now offer features that rival those of standalone cameras, such as high resolution, optical image stabilization, and manual controls.
The smartphone camera has also changed the way we consume photographs. We are now more likely to view them on a screen than in print. We are also more likely to share them online with friends and family.
360-degree photography has been around for centuries, but it has only become widely used in recent years. This type of photography allows you to take pictures of an entire environment, not just a single subject. You can use it to take pictures of landscapes, buildings, interiors, and even people.
The biggest difference between 360-degree photography and traditional photography is the way that the pictures are taken. With traditional photography, you take one picture at a time and then move on to the next subject. With 360-degree photography, you take several pictures at once using a special camera rig. The rig consists of several cameras that are all pointed in different directions. When you put the pictures together, they create a complete view of the environment.
360-degree photography is often used for virtual reality applications. When you view the pictures through a VR headset, it feels like you are actually there in the environment. You can look around in all directions and see everything that is going on. This type of photography is also becoming popular for marketing purposes. Companies are using it to create virtual tours of their products and services.
There are some disadvantages to 360-degree photography. It can be time-consuming to set up the camera rig and take all of the pictures. It is also difficult to edit 360-degree photos because they are so large and complex.
Aerial photography is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object. It is probably the oldest type of photography, as even before the Wright brothers made their historic flight in 1903, people were looking for ways to photograph the world from a bird’s eye view.
The Wright brothers are credited with taking the first aerial photograph during their flight, but it wasn’t until World War I that this type of photography became widespread. Aerial photography was used extensively during the war to help commanders plan troop movements and track enemy movements.
Photographers had to get creative during this time as they were often required to shoot through glass windows, which created a distorted image. In addition, they had to contend with turbulence and high winds, which made it difficult to keep the camera steady.
Despite these challenges, aerial photography became increasingly popular and by the 1920s, it was being used for commercial purposes such as mapping and surveying. Aerial photography continued to grow in popularity throughout the 20th century and today it is used for a wide variety of purposes including event coverage, news gathering, and even personal travel photos.
Underwater photography has come a long way since its beginnings in the 1800s. Early photographers had to contend with long exposures and the lack of natural light, but the results could be stunning. Today, cameras are much more advanced and allow photographers to capture beautiful images of the underwater world in ways that were once impossible. Here are some of the ways that underwater photography has changed over the years.
Early Underwater Photography
Underwater photography was first developed in the early 1800s, but it wasn’t until the late 19th century that it began to be used for scientific purposes. Early photographers used specialized cameras that were designed to be used in either air or water. These cameras were large and difficult to use, and they required long exposure times. This meant that early underwater photos often had a blurry or grainy appearance.
The Birth of Modern Underwater Photography
Modern underwater photography began to develop in the early 1900s. New camera technologies allowed for shorter exposure times, which led to sharper images. In 1931, French engineer Louis Boutan invented the first waterproof housing for a camera. This invention made it possible for photographers to take their cameras underwater without fear of them getting damaged.
The Rise of Color Photography
Color photography began to gain popularity in the mid-20th century. color film was first used for underwater photography in 1946, and it quickly became popular with both amateur and professional photographers. Color film allowed photographers to capture the beauty of the underwater world in a way that was not possible with black-and-white film.
The Digital Revolution
Digital photography began to take off in the late 1990s, and it quickly became the preferred method for taking photos both above and below water. Digital cameras are lighter and more compact than traditional film cameras, making them easier to take on diving trips. They also allow photographers to instantly view their photos and make any necessary adjustments before taking another shot.